In June this year, India fell into a serious national water crisis. According to the report of CNN, India's national transformation Commission recently released a report saying about 600 million people across the country are facing varying degrees of water shortage. Because of the lack of water supply or water pollution, an average of 200000 people die of "water" every year. At present, the drinking water used by residents in Chennai area is mainly transported by government trucks. Residents have no choice but to wait in line in the hot weather. In order to limit water use, Chennai has closed many public toilets, turned off the air conditioning of the city's subway, and even many private companies require employees to work at home. Many restaurants have been closed, and the local poor are running around in search of water.
In fact, as early as the end of 2018, the BBC quoted the data of the Committee as saying that groundwater in 21 cities, such as Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad, might dry up by 2020. Today, the drought in Chennai, the fourth largest city in India, is particularly serious. According to CNN, four major reservoirs in the city of more than 10 million people have dried up completely.
Such a serious water crisis, on the one hand, is caused by global extreme climate change, on the other hand, is also attributable to India itself. According to the previous report, India is one of the countries with the most abundant fresh water resources in the world. However, when the country is developing rapidly, it blindly pursues the results. When the infrastructure of water conservancy is not perfect, it always uses the underground water. After the river is polluted, it can not be treated in time, which leads to the situation of water shortage.
In India, millions of people live on streets without clean drinking water. India's water resources are being polluted because of poor management and inadequate supervision. Many cities in India are on the list of the most polluted countries in the world. Kanpur is the ninth largest city with the largest population in India. It is famous for its leather products and cotton fabrics. Unfortunately, it is also famous for its high content of heavy metals such as arsenic, chromium and nickel in its water. Farmers in villages near Kanpur in India suffer from vitiligo and open ulcer, which are caused by drinking arsenic containing water for a long time. Without the help of water purifiers, people can't filter out these Hazardous substances. The main pollution of the Kanpur waterway is chemical pollution. India's water management is completely incomprehensible and even ironic. On the one hand, Hindus believe that all water is holy. It has the power to purify the spirit. People bathe in the Ganges River, believing that this practice can make the pure more pure, and the impure will be cleared of sin. But the river is used as a dump for garbage, corpses and thousands of tons of industrial pollutants. As an outsider, we can't help but wonder why we don't pay all the price to protect the river since it is regarded as a sacred existence?
This practice not only damages the sacred water source, but also damages millions of people around the river. When people living in the city wake up at dawn, they can only get water from the government water supply pipe which is only open for one hour every day, or even some people collecting water through illegal water pipes. And rural life is even worse. Many women need to hike several kilometers to fill up the water, because the water in their place has dried up or been polluted.
According to the current infrastructure and water management policies, the situation of water resources in India will only get worse. The Indian government needs to improve the awareness of water conservation of the people and encourage the qualified residents to use water purification equipment to ensure their health. Because water resources are precious resources of human beings, water pollution will cause great damage to the environment and human beings themselves.