The United States has a robust underground pipeline system that can provide water to the public, but aging pipelines have immersed lead into your drinking water causing some serious negative effects.
Cases of lead poisoning are increasing
A recent study found that lead poisoning caused ten times more deaths than originally estimated. The study, published in The Lancet Public Health, found that 412,000 people die from lead poisoning each year in the United States.
Lead poisoning can cause learning difficulties, irritability, weight loss, hearing loss, fatigue, seizures, and, as this study shows, even death.
The study also found that about 18% of the deaths caused by lead poisoning are preventable. Although this study did not break down the way people consume lead, it is speculated that a large part of it is taken through drinking water.
Outdated water infrastructure
The water infrastructure (or water supply system) in the United States has been "broken". Over time, the government has been improving water treatment processes, but the water delivery system in the United States has remained essentially unchanged.
If the house was built before 1986, it is most likely lead pipes. This is not a trivial matter-the US 2000 census data shows that about 83% of houses were built before 1986.
Even if the house was built after 1986, its pipes may still contain lead (the government still uses lead for welded pipes). Between 1986 and 2014, "lead-free" pipelines were defined as pipelines with less than 8% lead. This is still a very large and unsafe percentage. For reference, after 2014, lead-free pipes were redefined as pipes with a lead content less than 0.25%.
With this in mind, there is a basic fact that can provide a reference for the entire main discussion. Any level of lead is unsafe, with a hidden danger of lead poisoning.
The route to lead-free water
The method of phasing out aging pipelines with potential for lead leaching is unrealistic and not fast. This may require large-scale infrastructure projects to promote innovation in public drinking water and the renovation of existing pipelines.
At the same time, and there is no harm for anyone who is wary of their drinking water to check the EPA's annual consumer confidence report for more detailed information about water sources in cities or towns. As an additional safety measure, filtration is another effective method for removing lead water. Activated carbon water filters and reverse osmosis water filters are two filtration methods designed to remove lead, avoiding the possibility of lead poisoning.